July 19th, 2020 in

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How to get Owner Builder permit in Australia: A State-wise Guide

 

Owner builder is the most sought out way for DIY enthusiasts. You can save up to 30% if you choose to play a major role in building or renovating your existing home. It not only saves money; you get an opportunity to get creative with your home.

As interesting it sounds, so confusing it was for myself to find the right resource on ‘how to become an owner builder?’. If you haven’t known, the process and the eligibility and the options vary with state.

Then is when I thought enough roaming around the internet to find the exact procedure. I have put together the complete information set you need to know to become an owner builder in Australia.

 

 

Who is an owner builder?

An owner builder is someone managing and/or doing a part of the construction process taking place in the land they own or lease. In general, Owner builder will hold the place of general contractor for the building construction.

The person is responsible or sub-contracting, managing and supervising the whole process for which the owner builder license is granted. He/She can also do construction work that does not require specific licensing like plumbing and electrical work.

Simply said it’s the owner who is licensed to build in his own premises after going through certain formalities which we will see in a bit.

But it is nowhere close to a builder’s license (except in the state of South Australia). An owner building permit is only applicable to the land mentioned in the application. Anything beyond that requires a new license and development approval from the local commission.

 

Do you need an owner builder license?

You need not go through the procedure of acquiring an owner builder license to painting your home. Some work like painting the tiles does not require any license or approval. If you are doing some serious work like taking down a wall you need to be aware of the license and permits.

First and foremost is the reasonable market cost threshold (labour + materials). Every state has its own threshold ranging from $10,000 to $20,000. Only projects that are evaluated higher than the threshold value require a license.

Development approval is another important factor influencing the need for the own-build license. If your reasonable market cost is still below the threshold value, but your work requires development approval, you must apply for the license.

Then there are other factors like property type (commercial/residential), ownership and type of building (single dwelling, multiple, etc) that contribute to the requirements of owner builder consent.

These factors are different across the states which is why we have developed a state-wise guide on owner builder license application.

 

house planning

Why should I become an owner builder?

The most common reason people choose to build their own houses or renovate is because of the potential for saving money. You replace the position of a general contractor with a pay scale of $30 to $50 an hour by carrying out owner builder construction.

Here are the benefits of owner building,

  • Savings in term of money is the obvious benefit of owner building
  • You get complete control over the creative process. Building your home by yourself means creative control in every aspect.
  • Making use of friends and family and hiring the sub-contractors that best suit your needs.
  • Pride of doing it by yourself. For the DIY nerds, the self-satisfaction that they get by doing their stuff is priceless.

Benefits are not the only thing you need to consider before submitting the owner builder application form. There are risks too, big ones if you are not trained enough. And it requires a lot of time, sometimes equivalent to having a full-time job. So, evaluate homeowner building risks vs benefits and make sure if it really suits you before moving forward.

 

 

Owner builder construction site

How long does it take to acquire the owner builder license in Australia?

The owner builder certification is governed by local bodies of respective states and territories in Australia. The eligibility and application process varies slightly.

The expected timeline of acquiring the owner builder license from the date of applying is 4 weeks in most states. But there are other requirements like Development Approval, Certificate of Title, Safework White Card that you need to submit along with the application form.

Everything other than Development approval can be arranged within a weeks’ time in my experience. Development Approval and other legal clearances need to be addressed first either by yourself or with the help of building supervisor.

 

Steps to acquire Australian owner builder permit:

Since managed by state governments the process of getting an owner builder permit is not the same across the country. The differences are not drastic but are worth noting if you are looking to do owner builder construction.

Some allow construction pools, while in some states you can’t demolish under an owner builder contract. Let us see everything about owner builder licensing in every state, but before that, let’s see the basic steps in getting your owner builder consent.

 

  • Find if you can really handle owner building. There are a lot of responsibilities and benefits that come with building your own home but not without risks. So, see if you are the right fit before proceeding.
  • Make sure you meet all the eligibility criteria
  • Older than 18 years of age
  • Ownership of land the construction/renovation is intended to happen. Provide lease agreement for more than 3 years if you’re a lease.
  • The house to be constructed/renovated must be a single dwelling. Dual occupancy is permitted in special cases in some states.
  • Once you are sure about becoming an owner builder, get your building plan ready, you will need an Architect or a draftsperson to design the plan. You can also hire a building practitioner or supervisor to help you through the process of planning and knowing the estimated value of construction work.
  • Apply for Development approval, if your state requires a DA for the type of construction you intend to do.
  • Apply and get your construction induction card (work safety white card). You might require to attend certain induction program to be eligible for this.
  • Take up the owner builder course accredited by your state construction board that issues the owner builder permit. Clear the assessment which is most often part of the application process.

 

Note: Every state has a different syllabus for owner builder courses. So, make sure you are attending the one that is valid in your state. Though it is mostly about work safety and how and what to do as a subcontractor, the source of the course matters for validation. If you are looking for some advanced owner builder course, get on the one-to-one training program. Book your free trial session here.
  • Get your documents ready – DA, search statement, certificate of title, approval from water and sanitation board if required.
  • Submit your application for owner builder permit to the corresponding board (QBCC, CBOS, VBA, etc.)
  • You will be contacted if the application requires any changes. If everything goes well you must get your owner builder license within 4 weeks of application submission.
  • Set-up display board notifying it is an owner builder project with the license number. Some states do not require this.
  • Once the building work is complete, some states require a permit before the house can be inhabited.

 

house improvement

State by state owner builder requirement and application process:

 

New south wales owner builder license

You need to attend the white card course in person and do an owner builder course accredited by the NSW Fair Trading and to get an owner builder permit in NSW. New South Wales is one of the few states that allow people other than individual owners to take up owner building. But does not allow any commercial buildings to be constructed under the same.

 

Eligibility criteria

  • Must have completed 18 years of age when submitting the application.
  • Estimated value of labour and material exceeding $10,000 (including GST).
  • The intended construction project must be a residential property.
  • Development consent from the local council.
  • Ownership of property: you must be the owner or joint owner of the land, (or) a shareholder in the company that owns the land (or) a lease of more than 3 years
  • In case of renovation or extension on an existing building, it must be single dwelling or dual occupancy (special cases). Apartments and multi-dwelling strata complexes are not eligible.
  • You intend to live in the property after then construction.
  • Complete owner builder course specific to NSW if the cost estimation is above $20,000.
  • A current construction induction card

Click on this link to know your eligibility and to find the right application form to submit for owner builder permit NSW

 

Required documents

  • Any 3 active Australian proof of identity documents (Passport, driving license, Medicare card, etc).
  • Copy of evidence of ownership document or registered long-term lease agreement with land and property information (council rates or water rates notice, Certificate of Title or Settlement Notice, ASIC company extract, Lease document)
  • Estimated cost of development
  • Copy of development consent (development approval (DA) or complying development certificate (CDC) approval from a certifying authority (council or private certifier))
  • Valid general construction induction training card issued within the last two years (safework white card)
  • NSW owner-builder course certificate (if the work value is over $20,000)

 

Application for owner builder permit NSW

Create an My Service NSW Account and take the eligibility test which will give you the right application form for you to fill in.

Application fee:                $183 + 70 (processing fee)

Replacement fee:            $48 + 48 (processing fee)

 

Before build

The owner builder cannot proceed with the construction unless a Construction Approval is issued by the local council or certifier.

 

Limitations

  • Owner builder license in NSW region is restricted to only one property in five years. The rule applies to joint owners who are listed in the application even if they do not have a building license to their name.
  • You can do any work that is not covered under DA or CDC that is submitted with the owner license permit application.
  • The owner builder cannot perform specialist work unless you hold the specific trade license (electrical, gas fitting, plumbing, air-conditioning, etc)
  • Selling the house that is built or renovated under an owner builder permit requires the sale contract to mention the work done under the owner builder. If the house is to sold within 7.5 years of issuing the owner builder permit in NSW.
  • It is required to have owner builder warranty insurance under the Home building act 1989 If the work done exceeds $20,000.

 

Insurances required

  • Workers compensation insurance – if the contractor is classified as a worker (depending on arrangements)
  • Contract works insurance – insurance that the subcontractors should have.
  • Public liability insurance (recommended)
  • Owner builder home warranty insurance (if the value exceeds $20,000 and if sold within 7.5 years)

 

 

 

Victoria owner builders license

Victorian Building Authority (VBA) has an assessment of their own that you need to get through to become an owner builder in Victoria. Being a beneficiary of the trust or director of a company that owns the land where the construction is planned are also eligible to apply for VBA owner builder.

 

Eligibility criteria

  • You must be the owner of the land or director of the company that owns the land or beneficiary of the trust that owns the land.
  • Building work planned is a single dwelling residence or ancillary to it.
  • The value of building project (labour + material) is over $16,000.
  • You reside or intend to reside in the construction land.
  • You are not in real estate business and not entered into a contract to sell owner build home.
  • Have not been a VBA owner builder in the past 5 years.
  • You have completed VBA owner builder eLearning assessment (Victoria owner builder course completion)
  • Completed construction induction training and hold an active WorkSafe Victoria white card, if your property will become workplace under Victorian OHS law. (If you employ sub-contractors to work for you)

 

Required Documents

  • Proof of identity – photo, driving license or passport
  • Proof of ownership – a Registered Search Statement (RSS) or Certificate of title. In case of joint ownership or owned by a company the co-owners or the director of the company needs to give written consent to the person applying for the owner builder license dated not less than 28 days of filing application
  • A site plan may be required in some cases like building a detached studio, conversion of a commercial building into a dwelling.
  • Copy of white card
  • Proof of clearing the VBA owner builder course assessment

 

 

Application

Register as a user on VBA 360 portal. Log in and apply for owner builder Victoria.

Fees: $102.20

 

After build

  • The Victoria owner builder must notify the VBA if the cost of construction has exceeded the estimated value towards the end of construction.
  • You need to get a work completion certificate, occupancy permit or a certificate of final inspection.

 

Limitations

Owner builder permit does not allow carrying out demolition, sub-floor work or home relocation (as it involves re-stumping and re-blocking)

Only one owner builder permit is allowed based on a land every 5 years. The restrictions may be lifted in special cases if the applicant is proven to go through economic hardship.

Selling the owner built home, not 6.5 years old from the date of issue of an occupancy permit or certificate of final inspection requires Domestic building Insurance. You also need a defect inspection report signed by a building surveyor, building inspector or engineer which is not more than 6 months old.

 

Insurance

Domestic building insurance, if the owner builder is selling the house 6.5 years from the occupancy permit issue date. This needs to be purchased before entering into a contract to sell and can be cancelled if you do not sell the house.

 

 

Australian Capital territory owner builder license

Becoming an ACT owner builder is one of the straight forward processes. You need to complete the Owner builder course and do Construction induction program and submit every necessary document including the Building approval. ACT does not force you with any insurance throughout the owner building process.

 

Eligibility criteria

  • The planned building work must fall under Class 1, 2 or 10a building classification of the Australian building code.
  • You must hold and owner builder course certificate or complete and owner builder examination recognized by the construction occupations registrar which is not older than 5 years. Or the applicant holds a Class A, B or C Builder License or an interstate equivalent.
  • Must own or lease the land where the construction is intended to happen.
  • Building Approval (similar to DA) from a private certifier.
  • Do training for construction induction card (white card).
  • Complete asbestos awareness training.

 

Required Documents

  • Proof of identity of the applicant.
  • Proof of ownership or lease.
  • Building Approval certificate copy.
  • Certificate copy of Owner builder course ACT.
  • Copy of Safework White Card and
  • Copy of Asbestos awareness training if required.

 

ACT Owner Builder Application

 

 

Fees

Class 1 & 2 –        $245 (online), $263 (Via post or in person)

Class 10a –           $183 (online), $192 (Via post or in person)

 

Limitations

An ACT owner builder is not deemed to carry out specialist building work like swimming pool and demolition.

Only one owner builder license is allowed for a person in a 5-year period.

 

Insurance required

Owner builders do not require residential building insurance (owner builder home warranty insurance) but require other insurance like workers’ compensation insurance.

Public liability insurance is not a must but recommended.

 

Queensland Owner Builder License

The sunny state of Australia allows for the construction of a farm building up to a worth of $27,500 as a QLD owner builder. That is the highest value commercial building that you can build with an Owner builder license in the whole of Australia. Applying for an owner builder permit in QLD, you need not require a White Card. Instead, you have to take up Asbestos awareness course along with the usual Owner builder course.

Projects coming under Schedule 7 of the Planning regulation act of 2017 do not require owner builder permit in Queensland.

 

 

Eligibility criteria

  • Estimated construction value (labour + material) of $11,000 or above.
  • Completion of QLD owner builder course.
  • Completion of asbestos awareness course from a registered trainer if the intended work involves asbestos or if the intended home to renovate is built before 1990.
  • Farm buildings are permitted if the value is less than $27,500 and the owner can personally do that work. (otherwise commercial buildings including farm buildings are not permitted under owner building)

 

Required Documents

  • Proof of identity
  • Proof of ownership-
    • If you are the owner, original or copy of Title search or Registration Confirmation Statement submitted or directly mailed from Titles office that is not older than 30 days.
    • If you are a lease occupier, land owner’s detail, proof of land ownership (not older than 30 days), lease agreement and a letter of consent from the owner.
    • In case of the land owned by a company, proof of company directors from an ASIC Historical Company Extract Provider. All company directors need to be included in the application form.
  • Proof of completed owner builder license course or exemption approval if any.
  • Certificate of completion of the asbestos awareness program, if required.
  • Details of previous owner builder permit, if any.

 

Queensland Owner Builder License Application:

Fees: $420.80

 

During work

  • A person with an Owner builder license in QLD is exempted of the Qleave levy (0.475% of the total cost of work) that you need to pay otherwise.
  • Responsible for carrying out safe work practices (similar to work safe white card in other states)
  • Display of signboard indicating that the site is built under an owner builder permit. The signboard must contain your Owner builder permit number in letters 50mm or high printed on a weatherproof material not less than half square metre so that it is clearly visible from the street.
  • Disputes can be solved via Queensland’s official dispute resolution centre

 

Limitations

  • If any of the applicants listed in the application has got their owner builder permit cancelled by QBCC within the 3-year period preceding the application filing, you can’t get an owner builder permit in QLD.
  • Only one Owner builder license is permitted in a period of 6 years unless until exceptions like severe illness or financial difficulty is reported.
  • Work done under the owner builder permit in Queensland cannot be covered using Home warranty insurance which protects against incomplete or defective work.
  • Fire construct work above $1,100 requires licensed professionals to do the work.

 

Insurance required

None

 

 

Tasmania Owner Builder License

Consumer, Building and Occupation Services board (CBOS) of Tasmania has got a lot of relaxations for their owner builder. So, before putting in your effort to apply for the owner builder permit in Tasmania make sure if it is really required.

Though having some of the best relaxations, CBOS has got a lot of procedures to be done at every stage if you happen to get the owner builder license.

 

Construction work that does not require owner builder consent in Tasmania:

  • Building farm sheds under 200 m2 (class 7b)
  • Perform repair or maintenance work using similar materials as present ones.
  • Shed, garage or carport up to 18m2, or up to 36m2 if prefabricated.
  • Porch or veranda up to 9m2
  • Deck up to 1m high
  • Temporary swimming pool up to 9m2 with a child safety fence

 

Eligibility criteria

  • Single person owned, contracted to be bought and joint ownership properties are only eligible for owner building in Tasmania. (company and trust owned properties are not allowed)
  • Intend to live in the space after the construction is completed.
  • The building work comes under class 1a, 8, 10a or 10b.
  • Completion of Tasmanian owner builder responsibility course except for class 1a buildings.
  • Completion of construction induction card course. (safework white card)
  • Must have engaged a licensed building surveyor regarding the work to be performed.

 

Required Documents

  • Certified building plans from a licensed building surveyor.
  • Certificate of title with every person in it completing the application.
  • Proof of completion of owner builder responsibilities courses, if required, not less than a year old.
  • Copy of construction induction white card.
  • Public construction liability insurance not lesser than 5 million dollars.

 

Tasmania Owner Builder License Application

 

Fees

Owner builder permit fee – Class 1a                                          $388.80

Owner builder permit fee – Class 10a, 10b and 8                 $194.40

Replacement card fee                                                                    $40.50

 

After approval of owner builder permit Tasmania

Once the letter of confirmation is issued with the Tasmania owner builder permit number, the building surveyor you have engaged will issue a Certificate of Likely compliance.

As an owner builder, you are required to forward the two certificates (owner builder certificate and certificate of likely compliance) along with the design documents of the construction to your local council to apply for building, plumbing and planning permit (as per your requirements).

Once the building permit is approved you need to submit ‘Start work’ notification and authorization form (form 39) to your building surveyor before starting work.

 

After construction work completion

Owner builder will send an application to the building surveyor for occupancy permit which will be issued after the surveyor assesses the works completed. A copy of the occupancy permit is to be sent to the local council.

 

Limitations

  • Unlike other states, you are allowed two 1a owner building projects in 10 years.
  • Companies, trusts cannot apply for an Owner Builder license in Tasmania.

 

Insurance required

Single insurance that covers personal and property damage caused by the work done by the owner builder. It also includes construction liability cover for workers and the public valued 5 million or above. The owner builder public construction liability insurance is to be purchased before the commencement of work and should be valid till the issue of the certificate of completion.

 

Western Australia Owner Builder License

If you are looking out for upgrading your residence in Western Australia, you are luckiest. WA is the only state that allows construction and renovation on a commercial building to an extent under an owner builder permit. Other than that, the procedure to become an owner builder in WA is usual.

 

Types of building work permitted under Owner builder license WA

  • Renovate or extend an existing single dwelling.
  • Construct a detached dwelling (including a granny flat).
  • Build a non-habitable building or ancillaries to a dwelling (private garage, carport, shed, etc).
  • Construct, extend or alterations to small commercial building restricted to two-storey, floor space of 500 m2 that is not a detached house, class 10 building or farm building.

 

Eligibility criteria

  • You must either be the owner of the land, in a contract to buy or be a lease occupier with written consent to proceed with construction work.
  • Intend to occupy once the building work is completed.
  • Estimated building value (labour + material) of $20,000 or above.
  • Complete owner builder course.
  • You are not granted owner builder permit in WA in the past 6 years. (Special cases: if the owner builder application was previously refused/cancelled (or) if you are applying for owner building the same building that you were granted permission in the last 6 years)

 

Required Documents

  • Proof of identity
  • Proof of ownership – certificate of title, contract to buy or lease agreement with written consent from the landowner.
  • Owner builder course WA completion certificate (not required if you are a building practitioner).
  • Site plan document that shows site detail, floor and elevation plans.

 

Western Australia Owner Builder License Application

 

 

Fees

residential building                          $174.00

Industrial/commercial building   $467.00

 

After approval of owner builder permit WA

You have to apply for building permit from your local building authority once the Owner builder permit WA is issued. The owner builder approval will expire, if you fail to get a building permit within 6 months or the building permit is rejected.

 

During build

A signboard of reasonable size that is readable from outside the site that contains your name, telephone number and owner builder approval number.

 

Limitations

  • Only one owner builder license for a person in six-year unless special conditions are met. (approval denied during the last attempt or applying for the same land as the last time.)
  • Owner-builder approvals can only be issued to individuals and not to companies or trusts.
  • Sale of the owner-built house within 7 years from the issue of owner builder permit requires home indemnity insurance.

 

Insurance required

Provide home indemnity insurance to the purchaser if selling the house within 7 years of issuing builder permit under owner builder. As a seller, you are liable for the faults caused by owner building even after the sale. (not required for “associated work” like pergola, fence or swimming pool)

 

 

South Australia Owner Builder License

The procedure to become an owner builder in South Australia is quite different compared to other states. The good news is you don’t need to take an owner builder course or attend construction induction program.

Instead, you need to go through the same licensing process as building practitioners. Equipping yourself as a licensed builder is a lot of work and you end up taking a course even if it isn’t a necessity. This is why South Australia has the lowest owner builders of all Australian states.

Note: There is not enough information on the process to acquire a south Australian owner builder license. All we have got is the owner builder responsibilities handbook.

 

Requirement

Same requirements as licensed builders (as in development act of 1993 and Development regulation of 2008)

  • Obtain development approval.
  • Home Indemnity insurance, if the estimated value is over 12,000.
  • Notify adjoining property owners of the intended construction work that may affect them.
  • Notify local council at various stage of work.
  • Pay Construction Industry Training Levy of 0.25%, if the estimated value exceeds 15,000.
  • Sign contracts for buildings cost over 12,000.
  • Engage a registered building supervisor or private certifier to oversee the building process right from the start to completion.

 

Limitations

Having to get through the complex process of getting your permit is itself a limitation when it comes to becoming an owner builder in SA. Though you will save money here and there as an owner builder, make sure you are capable of clearing the assessment before you start.

 

Insurance required

Sub-contractors need to have Indemnity insurance for all domestic work valued over $12,000 to cover non-completion, failure to rectify faults and or contractor dies, disappears or declared bankrupt. If you have finalized on contractors the insurance documents must be submitted for assessment when lodging the owner builder application, if not the insurance must be submitted to the council before the start of particular contractor’s work.

 

Northern Territory Owner Builder License

Becoming an Owner Builder in NT is a fairly easy process. You do not need to attend an owner builder course or get a Worksafe white card. You just need to go through the Northern Territory owner builder manual and declare it completed in the application along with the usual documents for proof of land ownership.

 

Building types permitted under owner builder license

  • Class 1a – Single dwelling or detached house
  • Class 10 – Ancillary to 1a, attached to and built at the same time (garage, carport or shed)
  • A retaining wall that is unattached to class 1a or 2 building.
  • Extensions of any of the above.

 

Eligibility criteria

  • Building type 1a, 10, an extension of it or a retaining wall.
  • Construction value over $12,000 (material + labour)
  • Only individual property owners are eligible – no company or trust.
  • Compliance with building control certification
  • Residential building insurance before the start of work
  • Declare you have read the Northern territory owner builder manual

Note: You do not need the owner builder permit if you are registered as a building contractor.

 

Required Documents

  • All individuals’ names on the property title must be included on the application.
  • Complete and sign declaration that comes with Northern Territory owner builder manual.
  • Search title for property not older than 28 days.

 

 

Northern Territory Owner Builder Application

Usually takes around 6 weeks to get the owner builder certificate in NT.

Fees: $278

 

Before build

The obtained Owner builder permit needs to be submitted to a registered building certifier to apply for building permit.

 

After build

Legally-binding declaration within 14 days of completion of construction. Send a copy to building certifier to enable the issue of occupancy permit.

Limitations

  • Only one owner builder certificate every 6 years.
  • Valid for 3 years. Can be renewed for another 3 years.
  • You need to rectify defective work for up to 6 years if you sell the property.

 

Insurance required

Residential building insurance in the form of Fidelity certificate is required when applying for building permit. The same covers future owners of the building for the period of 6 years (if the owner builder happens to sell the home within 6 years from building permit approval).

 

Conclusion

Owner building is not a difficult process for anyone willing to save money. You just need to prepare yourself with appropriate courses and be available with plenty of time to make sure the renovation or construction process you intend to do is done properly.

Ideally, it is for those willing to inhabit the property after construction. If you are planning to sell anytime soon, owner building is not worth the time and extra money that you need to pay in the form of indemnity insurance before selling.

You can use this government search portal to find any documents, forms, regulations in Australia.

If you have any doubts regarding the owner builder permit or want a complete training throughout the process, check out my one-to-one live training sessions.


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July 26th, 2020 in

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How to prepare renovation plans and sketches? (with cost indication)

Confused where to start your renovation planning? Not sure whether you require a proper plan on paper? Don’t worry. As always James has got the answer for you.

Planning is an essential part of the renovation project that needs to shared amongst every contractor, subcontractor working in the project and might also be required for some legal procedures.

So, there is no way you can miss out on planning. Now getting to the real question of ‘how to get you renovation plan drafted?’

Well, You can do it yourself depending on the type of work you and your budget. Or hire other tradespersons to do it which is the common practice.

Do I need to put out a plan for a home renovation?

No matter how big or small your project, you must have a renovation plan set down on paper!

I can almost hear some of you saying “But I’m only doing some small internal modifications/renovating a bathroom/removing a doorway, why would I need a plan for the renovation?”

The answer is: You must put out a plan for the successful building experience. The more planning you do up-front, including getting your ideas on paper, the easier the next stags will be.

Plus, I GUARANTEE that you will save yourself money by being organized. Subcontractors, tradesman, and suppliers will want to work with you if you are organized. If you’re not, you will quite literally pay the price in terms of money and time.

Unfortunately, if the people you are looking to work with on your project get the slightest hint that you are unorganised, they will factor this into their pricing to compensate for the extra running around and organising that they will need to do.

 

Do I need development approval?

To best determine if approval is required, you should contact your local council and ask to speak with a duty planner to discuss the work you are proposing to do. They will have guidelines and information you can use to assess this. Most professionals, including builders, building consultants, draftsman, and architects, should be able to point you in the right direction, but I always recommend doing your research as well.

Generally speaking, projects that would not require approval are non-structural internal modifications that are classed as “making good an original item or internal area of your property.”

For example a new internal coat of paint and lining, some bathroom refurbishments, kitchen replacements, new furnishings such as doors, handles, skirting, architraves, cornices, carpets and floorboards.

NOTE: some dwellings may be heritage sites, and even replacing or removing internal fixtures may require council approval. I recommend you do your homework if you think you fall into this category.

Don’t freak out! Renovation Planning is not complicated or costly.

You don’t have to spend thousands if you are only doing small jobs; sometimes a simple sketch that can be replicated and distributed is enough to get you started. Plus, there are various programs I use that can help you with drafting. I will touch on those later.

On the flip side, if you are doing major work, you should be expecting to spend thousands and even tens of thousands depending on the scale of the project and the detail involved. Planning is one of the 5 major stages of any construction project without which you can move further.

So we come back to the original question: Do I draw something myself, or engage a draftsman/an architect/a builder/building consultant?

 

Plans and sketches for a renovation

 

How to draw your own renovation plans?

I would only recommend this if the work is minor and does not require approval by the council, or the relevant authorities, and you have the idea and confidence to write down exactly what you want to do.

There are two way to do it yourself. First is taking a formal approach and using industry famous tools to design your own renovation plan. While that is not easy, you have plenty of tutorials to learn. All you need is time and basic knowledge on planning.

The second method is doing it by yourself with just a pencil, paper and measuring tape. A minimal representation of the ideas in mind which the contractors can develop on. these are ideal for basic renovation projects only.

 

Draw your own renovation floor plans with an online software package

Now if you do want to have a crack at getting your own ideas onto a renovation plan, I recommend trying  Edrawsoft which in an online programme that has some great packages and tutorials for beginners, they have a FREE TRIAL that can be downloaded to play with, and if you want to purchase the program its around $149. It’s a pretty simple drop and drag-style of program, so once you watch a few tutorials and draw your first few plans it will be pretty straight forward.

There is a tonne of different software packages out there that you could use if you want complete control over what you do. Some of them are great – but others are, well… crap! Here are my top picks.

EDRAW

 

SMART DRAW

 

SKETCH UP

  • A very powerful 3D modelling program.
  • Can come in handy to draw details if 3D visualisation is needed.
  • Note: This program has a big learning curve and will take a lot of study to go through the video tutorials and learn. Certainly not recommended for the beginner.
  • There are free and paid versions. Check out: sketchup.com

 

Draw your own plans by sketching out a scale diagram on the paper, and then scanning and saving

If you feel that a hand-drawn sketch with notes and instructions will suffice for your basic project, then that’s fine. Make sure you can save, copy, and distribute your plan and instructions to your various contractors and suppliers. A formal document that can be referenced is required when you enter into a contract with them.

This option is the most ‘hands-on’! Depending on how you’re going to use it, you can be as precise or as rough as need be.

If you’re going to be doing most of the work yourself then you’ll want to be as bang on with measurements as possible. On the other hand, if you’ll be using a project manager/builder to do it for you – then a rough sketch is ok.

Its important to be accurate with all your measurements, so your bathroom floor plans match what you plan on building on site. For example, lengths and heights of walls, where vanities and basins will be positioned, taps, cabinets, light fittings, towel rails, toilets etc all need to be carefully positioned and marked down on plan.

Keep in mind, the reason you’re scanning and saving your bathroom floor plans is so they can be emailed and reprinted. Don’t just make one copy!

I would also recommend having the various people you hire sign a copy of your plan along with a contract, but we can touch more on this when we get to the CONTRACTS section of the site. For now, we will stick to getting your renovation plans onto paper.

 

Engaging a draftsman, architect, builder, or building consultant to draw a renovation plan

To start with, let’s break the different options down and discuss the differences between them. The following are broad descriptions of each title, and every one of them may actually have differing skills and accreditations depending on each individual’s qualifications and business structures.

 

A draftsman (or draftsperson) is someone who makes detailed technical plans or drawings.

An architect is a person trained and licensed to plan, design, and oversee the construction of buildings. The practising architecture provides services relating to the design and construction of buildings. They also work on spaces surrounding the building that is principally used for human occupancy.

A builder is a person who constructs something by putting parts or materials together over a period of time. His job is to plan, supervise, build, coordinate, repair, and warrant all works performed to clients.

A building consultant can be a builder, an architect, surveyor, engineer, project manager, or interior designer, among others. The job of a building consultant is to give advice or to undertake tasks that are related to the building industry, including the design and supervision of various building components.

When looking to engage any of the above, you need to consider a few of the following: the size of your project, your budget, and your knowledge of the building process.

 

Alternate methods

There are also sites that offer off-the-shelf plans, such as www.houseplans.com and www.dreamhomesource.com. Both are American websites, but there are various Australian sites as well.

I would only look at using these services to get ideas if you’re building a new home. Even then, I would engage someone in your local area to tailor the plans to your specific ideas. That way they can assist you in drafting full construction drawings, which are more detailed and costly than just concept plans.

 

IMPORTANT TIPS TO REMEMBER WHEN DRAFTING YOUR RENOVATION PLANS WITH ANY OF THE ABOVE 3 OPTIONS

You’ll need to make sure you include the following in your bathroom floor plans, especially if you’re doing it yourself:

  • Plumbing layout for all services to be shown including heights of taps, mixers and spouts.
  • Electrical layout to be shown for all light points including LED strip lighting, downlights, pendant fittings, exhaust fans, light switching points, power points, heated towel racks and under floor heating including thermostat locations.
  • Tiling layout to be considered, will there be a step down in the shower, if so mark it on the plan. Will there be any feature walls? If so mark them on the plan as well. Is there a particular pattern you would like the tiles laid, i.e. brick pattern, diagonal? Where should cut tiles be placed, at the doorway, bath or other location? Thinking about the set out of tiles is important.

 

Cost involved in renovation plans and sketches

If you have a healthy budget then an architect would be my recommendation. Keep in mind that depending on how much of the project you want them to manage; from the small stuff, like producing the drawings and documents, to the larger, like managing the entire process from concept to completion. You could be looking at anywhere from $15,000 to $100,000 for the construction of a new home.

For an average residential renovation project that costs around $500,000, you could be looking at an average of about $30,000–40,000. This is for the architect to take your renovation plans from concept stage through to the construction-certification stage. Meaning: ready to being onsite with all approvals. This excludes any external consultant fees, such as surveyors, engineers, and council fees.

NOTE: Some architects also work on a percentage of the overall estimated building cost.

For the same example above, if you were to use one of the other options like a draftsman, builder, or building consultant, you could save yourself some money. Because their average prices range from $10,000–25,000 for a similar service. The draftsman is the most economical and building consultants being the most expensive.

You can save even more if you know a little about building and the various steps along the way. Be prepared to study and do your homework regarding the approval’s process in that case.

 

Other costs involved in planning

There are also other factors that need to be taken into account when calculating planning costs.  A big one is the specifications and selection of finishes. The degree to which you need your chosen professional to assist you will also factor in the cost of their offered services.

The above examples on renovation plan-drafting and associated costs are based on my experiences only, so the costs for these services will vary from state to state and, of course, country. I suggest doing your homework and contacting a few of each type of professional that I have listed above. You will get an idea of the costs and services they offer before deciding which is the right fit.

 

No matter which path you chose to go down with your renovation plans, expect there to be a few revisions once you figure out your initial concept, as it’s rare that you will nail it the first time around.

Budget is another thing that needs to be taken into consideration when drafting your renovation plans. You must design something around what you are willing or able to spend. I recommend having an estimate performed on the concepts before your plans are finalized so that you will know if it’s within your budget.

 

Getting Organized With a Renovation Project Plan

As with any home improvement job, you really should have a renovation project plan before you get started. It’s a bit like a recipe – you can’t bake a cake without knowing the ingredients!

This stage of the project might seem boring, but creating a good filing system where you can keep all your information stored is critical to staying organized.

This really is a simple two-step process.

Step 1: Gather the Information

So the first thing to do is look at the different types of information you’ll need to gather to undertake all the bathroom renovation jobs.

This information will come from a variety of places and include for example:

  • Research – ideas, products, suppliers, contractors etc.
  • Bathroom renovation plans
  • Local council/State regulator regulations & approvals
  • Contractor agreements & contact details
  • Budget
  • Construction schedule
  • Supplies – types of products you’ll need to finish the renovation

This list is by no means complete but it gives you some idea of how broad the info gathering process is and why you need a renovation project plan.

renovation project plan contracts

 

Step 2: Organize the Information

Pretty soon you’ll start to see all the info piling up so you’ll need to organise it so you can find it later on. Going back to the good old-fashioned ‘filing cabinet’ approach, start by setting up some key folders – electronic or paper (I suggest both).

Try setting this up before you start gathering the info. That way you won’t have to backtrack and waste time re-filing or tracking down loose bits.

WHAT IS A JOB FILING SYSTEM?

A Job Filing system is simply a series of folders for all the items you may use in your renovation that can be accessed with the click of a button. An example of this is below, let’s call it “Bathroom Renovation 101”.

Create a folder on your computer that is easy to access and name it what you want (i.e. Bathroom Renovation 101), then you will need to create all the subfolders inside of the project folder like the ones below:

Renovation project plan filing system

 

Here is a download link to populate these folders on your computer and save some typing – Bathroom Renovation Job File Structure Folders

Now you may not need all these subcategories for your renovation, but it’s a pretty good example of all the things you may need to cover when doing a full blown bathroom renovation.

The idea of having all these folders is so that you can save all your information in relation to your project into these folders as you go, and be able to have that info at your fingertips in an organized manner when you need to re visit it.

Some of the folders I will go on to discuss in more detail when we cover those topics (i.e. Construction Schedule & Finishes Schedule), but most are self-explanatory.

STAY ORGANIZED AND STAY IN CONTROL

So this stage is pretty simple, but do it right and get organized upfront before starting. It’ll help you to stay on track and on top of things.

You’d be surprised at the number of stressed out people renovating – so don’t become one yourself!

This step, along with the selection’s process, will be required to help finalize your design and all that it encompasses prior to starting on site. Remember that the more planning, homework, and research you do upfront in the pre-commencement stage, the better the building experience you will have.

 

Until next time, Happy Renovating!

 

James Mason.


 

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